IN VITRO FERTILIZATION (IVF)

IN VITRO FERTILIZATION (IVF)

Infertility is a very common condition affecting around 1 in 6 couples. Many treatments are available to cure infertility problems but In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is the most successful and advanced fertility treatment. IVF treatment is a boon for couples who are suffering from infertility diseases. It is mostly used to treat infertility problems. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a complex process of fertilization mainly involves combination of sperm and egg outside the body. Fertile people are also preferred to undergo IVF treatment like same sex couples, single woman and people carrying a genetic disease.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is a type of Assistive Reproductive Technology (ART). It involves retrieving eggs from a woman’s ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm. This fertilized egg is known as an Embryo. The Embryo is either frozen for storage or transferred to a woman’s uterus. Doctor can also implant embryos in a surrogate gestational carrier.

We have a state of the art IVF center in Powai which provides world class IVF treatments to patients. Dr. Rita Modi an (In Vitro Fertilization) IVF specialist in Powai, has been performing advanced IVF procedures since many years. We help our patients to have a healthy baby by using modern IVF treatments which are safe, effective and affordable. 

Depending on situation, IVF can use:

  • Female eggs and partner’s sperm
  • Female eggs and donor sperm
  • Donor eggs and partner’s sperm
  • Donor eggs and donor sperm
  • Donated embryos

Need of IVF treatment

IVF is very helpful for couples who want to have a baby. It is expensive and invasive, so couples prefer other fertility treatments first. These can include fertility medications or intrauterine insemination (IUI) treatment. Parents also choose IVF treatment if there is a risk of genetic disorder on to their offspring.

IVF treatment is necessary to solve various infertility issues such as:

 

  • Women over the age of 40 but still wants a child
  • Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
  • Reduced ovarian function
  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Male infertility such as low sperm count or abnormalities in sperm shape
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Genetic disorder
  • Ovulation disorder
  • Premature ovarian failure

Preparation for IVF treatment

 

  • Before starting IVF treatment, couple has to undergo some important tests such as ovarian reserve testing, infectious disease screening, uterine cavity exam and semen analysis.
  • First of all, woman undergoes ovarian reserve testing. This test gives information about size and quality of eggs.
  • Fertility expert doctor also examine uterus to check health of uterus. This test is helpful in determining best way to implant embryos.
  • Man need to undergo sperm testing for the analysis of sperm numbers, size and shape. If the sperm are weak or damaged then intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedure is necessary.

Procedure of IVF treatment

IVF treatment if performed in five steps including

  • Stimulation
  • Egg retrieval
  • Insemination
  • Embryo culture
  • Transfer

Stimulation

A woman naturally produces one egg during each menstrual cycle but IVF needs multiple eggs for fertilization. Multiple eggs increase the chances of developing a viable embryo. Woman receives fertility drugs to increase the eggs production. During this time, doctor performs regular blood tests and ultrasounds to monitor the production of eggs and to determine retrieval time.

 

Egg Retrieval

 

Egg retrieval is also known as follicular aspiration. It is a surgical procedure performed with anesthesia. In this procedure, doctor uses an ultrasound wand to guide a needle through the vagina, into ovary and into an egg-containing follicle. The needle suctions eggs and fluid out of each follicle.

 

Insemination

 

Now semen sample from male partner is needed. A technician mixes the sperm with the eggs in a petri dish. If this process fails to produce embryos, then doctor can decide the use of ICSI procedure.

 

Embryo Culture

 

Doctor monitors the fertilized eggs to confirm proper division and development of eggs. The embryos can undergo testing for genetic conditions at this time.

 

Transfer

 

When the embryos are big enough, they can be implanted. This normally occurs three to five days after fertilization. During implantation, a thin tube called a catheter is inserted into vagina, past your cervix and into uterus. Then doctor releases the embryo into uterus. Pregnancy occurs when the embryo implants itself in the uterine wall. This can take 6 to 10 days. Doctor performs blood test to determine the pregnancy.

Result of IVF treatment    
  • Doctor performs blood test about 12 days to 2 weeks after the egg retrieval.
  • If woman is pregnant then doctor refer her to an obstetrician or other pregnancy specialist for prenatal care.
  • If woman is not pregnant then doctor ask to stop progesterone and likely to get period within a week. Woman should contact in case of missing of period and unusual bleeding. If woman is interested for another IVF cycle then doctor suggests steps to improve the chances of getting pregnant through IVF.
The chances of giving birth to a healthy baby after undergoing IVF treatment is mainly depending on various factors including:  
  • Maternal Age
  • Embryo Status
  • Reproductive History
  • Infertility Causes
  • Lifestyle Factors
After the IVF procedure, woman should strictly avoid rigorous activities. Woman can experience common side effects such as passing a small amount of clear or bloody fluid, breast tenderness, mild bloating, mild cramping and constipation. Woman should consult doctor in case of severe pain. Our IVF center in Powai offers a unique IVF treatment to patients who are seeking fertility treatment. Our honest treatment and dedication towards patients well being is helping us to achieve a greater birth rates. Dr Rita Modi an IVF specialist in Powai, provides a personalized treatment for every couple. We design the most effective and suitable IVF treatment plan for our patients. Our skills, experience and sophisticated technology is helpful for our patients in achieving a dream of having a family.
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